In terms of industrialization, there were 4 major stages:


"Preparation phase" (c. 1700-1760). The Industrial Revolution was made possible by scientific improvements and inventions in agriculture and industry, particularly in the years 1700-1760.

The inventions from this period are described in the chapter : Causes.

1 .  First Industrial Revolution (c. 1760-1867). From the 1760s on, the Industrial Revolution started to take off in England, mainly through textile machinery and the steam engines of the Scottish engineer James Watt (1736-1819). In addition to steam engines, the arrival of steam trains and steam ships was crucial. A lot of iron was used in the phase.

2 . Second Industrial Revolution (c. 1867-1914), also known as the "technological revolution". Vaclav Smil used "The Age of Synergy" in 2005 to describe this acceleration in industrialization, specifically the years 1876 -1914. Besides steam power and iron, electricity and steel make their appearance. This era was characterized by countless revolutionary inventions such as light bulbs, the car, photography, telegraphy, aircraft, radio and film.

3 . Third Industrial Revolution (20th century) or "Digital World". This revolution is characterized by all kinds of inventions that have changed communication, so that globalization became possible. This started with the telegraph, telephone and film. Especially after the Second World War there was a huge spurt of the Third Industrial Revolution and television, computers, internet, mobile telephones etc. emerged. 

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